Former KMT chairman Lien Chan was bitterly slashed for his remarks about who’s leading whom in the eight-year long struggle against Japanese fascist aggressors during World War II when meeting mainland Chinese leader Xi Jinping. Before jumping to my conclusion about “Kang Zhan”, the War of Resistance or Second Sino-Japanese War, a military conflict fought between the Republic of China (ROC) and the Empire of Japan from 1937 to 1945, let review a few unequivocal historical facts.
The KMT, or Chinese Nationalist Party, was the ruling party of the ROC then. The leader of KMT, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, was also the chief commissioner of the Military Commission of the Nationalist Government of China in charge of all military operations. The armed forces of the ROC, or the National Revolutionary Army (NRA), often wrongly called the KMT Army or the Army of Chiang, were fighting the Japanese hard and were inflicted very heavy casualties. Mao Zedong, the leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), pledged to make united efforts to save the nation, worked with Chiang and put communist troops under the command of Chiang and the battle of order of the NRA. So, the Eighth Routh Army and the New Fourth Army of the NRA were the communist troops mainly fighting behind Japanese lines.
In late 1945, the CCP launched full-scale civil war targeting to crush KMT regime under Chiang and took control of China. The war lasted for four years and Chiang was defeated. On October 1, 1949, the People’s Republic of China was established in Beijing. Chiang withdrew to Taiwan with his remaining troops and two million Chinese unwilling to live under communist rule.
It is concluded that we Chinese, disregarding of political affiliations, had fought together to expel Japanese fascist invaders and had won a Pyrrhic victory in 1945.
Today, September 3, is ROC's Armed Forces Day, a day to commemorate those who gave their lives to save our nation and to honor those who are in uniforms to serve and protect our freedom and our way of life.