Saturday, June 28, 2014

This week in history

On June 22, 1941 Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union. The operation launched was codenamed Barbarossa after Frederick Barbarossa, the medieval Holy Roman Emperor. About four million men of the Axis powers attacked the communist state along a 2,900 km front. At the beginning of the war, the Red Army seemed collapsing fast and the world’s first communism regime was likely to be erased off the face of the earth. However, when the German army could not gain decisive victory before the winter of 1941, its inevitable defeat four years later saw the start of the Cold War, the global political and military clash between democracy and communism or the West and the East after World War II. The incident followed next is doomed to happen.

On June 25, 1950 North Korea, backed by the Soviet and China, invaded South Korea, thus began the three-year long bloody Korean War. Though the armistice was signed in 1952, the military conflict between the two Koreas does not end today.

World peace does not really exist long in the past one hundred years or so of history. On June 28, 1914, a Serbian nationalist assassinated the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austro-Hungarian Empire in Sarajevo, Bosnia. The assassination triggered the first full-scale global war, the Great War, a war that was supposed to end all wars. Nearly forty million people were killed in World War I, but we have not yet learned better means to settle disputes.

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